Survival of the Internet’s Sneakiest Grocer?

The shakeout in the online grocery sector came on hard and fast in 2001. And, somewhat ironically, the one company left standing was the first to wave a warning flag.

After all the dust cleared,, now owned by Ahold (NYSE: AHO), is one of the only online grocers with considerable geographical reach and national name recognition still in business.

What is Peapod’s secret? Probably the deep-pocket backing and early decisions to exit some markets.

However, according to the attorney general of Massachusetts, Peapod got ahead of the game by cheating.

Charges Settled

This week, Peapod settled charges of misleading customers about its pricing policies, agreeing to pay US$200,000 in restitution and another hundred grand in legal costs.

As is often the case, Peapod did not admit any wrongdoing in signing the settlement. But the fact that the company has agreed to pay more than 5,000 customers $4 for every $1 they were allegedly overcharged speaks for itself.

The issue in the case was whether Peapod was involved in deceptive advertising. The officials and lawyers who filed a class-action suit claimed that Peapod originally told shoppers that its online prices were the same as for goods sold in the Stop & Shop supermarkets.

Sometime after that, the site started charging around 10 percent more than the brick-and-mortar stores, without disclosing the bump in price.

Lost Memo

Peapod blames an internal communication flaw for the problem, but the lack of disclosure speaks directly to the economics of online grocery shopping and, for that matter, online shopping in general.

At the time, Peapod was offering free delivery as well, something that it and any other online grocer that wants to survive has long since done away with.

So where was Peapod going to make money? Grocery stores are, of course, largely help-yourself establishments. The sales clerk stays put, while you do the running around and picking out items. All that labor was being absorbed by Peapod and its competitors for nothing.

Business 101

No wonder the company raised prices. It was probably a sound business move. The 10 percent level even sounds about right — just enough of a cushion to cover costs and maybe even make it worth Peapod’s while from a profit standpoint.

It’s also a move that might have worked with consumers as well — if only Peapod had trusted customers enough to let them know.

Consumers who buy groceries on the Web want convenience and are prepared to pay for it. They do the same cost-benefit analysis that every shopper unconsciously does before each purchase.

Return, Customers

Those customers who didn’t think buying groceries online at breakeven prices seemed worthwhile aren’t the customers Peapod wants or needs. On the other hand, the people who really want and need the service Peapod is selling probably have a higher tolerance for paying more.

Peapod officials did the math and realize their employees’ time is worth a 10 percent premium — if not more — or a one-time delivery charge.

Peapod knows that now. And fortunately for Peapod, it’s not too late. The company has underestimated its customers once. And now Peapod got a very unusual opportunity: a second chance.

What do you think? Let’s talk about it.

Note: The opinions expressed by our columnists are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of the E-Commerce Times or its management.


  • “Internal communication glitch?” The warehouse where they were filling the orders was directly above a Stop n Shop store – no one noticed a problem? Plus, the CEO tried to blame it on the web site’s wording, claiming that customers read the guarentee differently than intended. I think it was pretty clear what they were doing…

    • I’m president of Groceries Express Inc. ( an on-line grocery since 1998. My business is on a slow growth track because we never did get funded. However our continual slow growth may be the best thing we’ve got going. We are able to manage our current flow very effectively while we seek ways to promote our business. In response to this article, I hope we never get into this type of situation because we wouldn’t be able to wage a legal battle of that sort.

  • New ventures should expect to make some major blunders along the way, and Peapod is no exception to this. I would agree that the move to withdraw from certain markets, and the backing of Royal Ahold, has allowed them to stay above water. But the basic premise of providing customers groceries, without the hassle or convenience is still a great concept if someone can perfect the model. I was part of an online grocery project for two years that designed a model taking aspects from pure players such as Peapod and brick-and-clicks such as Tesco. But in the end the financial backing was not there, and we never opened the doors (Another dot-com that never was). If Peapod can continue to tweak their model and stop the burn, they may be around for a long while.

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